10 interior design principles and how to use them

In this article, we will approach 10 principles of interior design and how they can be applied in every situation regardless of the trends of the year or the client tastes and budget. Master these 10 rules of interior design and you will be capable of handling every situation in your career. At the end of this article, we will show you some of the books in the industry that you must have in your arsenal.

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Interior design principles and rules

When you know the basics of interior design principles and rules you can transform any space to look amazing. You know what it seems like when you walk into a properly designed space.

You can sense how everything feels cohesive and balanced. It feels perfect. You can accomplish that effect in your own home with a little knowledge of fundamental design principles.

Pair that knowledge with practice and experimentation and you’re on your way to creating a stunning home.

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Briefing and intentions

When collecting information from a client to do an interior design project, you need to start by documenting the most essential goals. You can also add info around style or architectural features, preferred furnishings and surfaces, and anything else that might be helpful to the job.

A thoroughly written briefing is a key part of interior design principles and rules for an effective interior design job. Its function is to supply guidance, assistance, and instructions to your work. Fill your briefing with the following:

  1. Client Details
  2. Project Details
  3. LifeStyle
  4. Style Preferences
  5. Do’s and don’ts
  6. Existing features
  7. Measurements and floor
  8. plans sketches
  9. The time frame and budget
  10. References

Analyzing the space

In the interior design process, space preparation is a priority. According to the American Institute of Architects, space planning consists of blocking out interior spatial locations, specifying circulation patterns, and establishing plans for furnishings layout and equipment positioning.

Interior design principles and rules advise being that every interior design task begins with an evaluation of a room’s functionality and how the elements can be controlled to better fit individuals who live there.

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The lighting in a house changes the state of mind of a room just as it does the perceived size of a room. Positioning and type are essential aspects of interior decoration, and they work in combination with color selections, room size, schedule of natural light and furnishings choice.

When the right lighting is attained change space into a seamless mix of functionality and style, the aspects that come together.


Instead of evaluating whether something is made of an enduring product and built to last. Materials don’t have to be expensive to create incredible atmospheres.

There are constantly new materials being discovered and invented at the lower price point but be thoughtful about materials and construction quality, they are crucial.

Materials and construction quality impact how a person experiences the completed space, they have a sound and a sensation that’s different than bad quality materials.

Natural materials are a priority. This often includes fabrics like wool, silk, and linen, stones, and woods.

Space scale and proportion

Scale refers to the relationship between two or more things. The scale is key in architecture and interior decoration as these disciplines deal with several standardized measurements such as bench heights, corridor widths, and chair sizes.

Offsetting these standard-sized elements with other aspects of differing sizes and heights can produce some really fun visual interest in an area. When using this concept to daily style, I especially take pleasure in playing with the size and scale of artwork, plants and unfavorable spaces. These areas offer a fairly easy way to give the eye something intriguing to concentrate on.

Proportion typically works together with scale but is subtly various. Where scale explains the contrast of objects to one another, the proportion is more about the way furniture and things search in an area, in addition to in relation to one another. Getting percentage right is tricky and is quite often chalked up to somebody having an ‘eye for style’ that results in a feeling of comfort and consistency.

Try utilizing proportion in your house to produce a visual hierarchy that highlights some features while camouflaging others.

Interior design Elements

In addition to boosting the appearance of a room, getting these aspects to interact in harmony will bring an increased functionality.

To begin, an interior designer will assess the space according to these interior decoration aspects, and then use them to disguise or boost the different features and defects of the space. As a minimum, the following aspects should constantly be considered in the production of any interior.


Color is often the toughest part of a space for interior design fans to solve.

That’s since colors are fickle. There are a lot of shades to choose from and they need to be created in the right proportions.

Otherwise, they won’t interact in harmony. Luckily, there are a few color rules that you can use to ensure your colors look well balanced whenever.


To guarantee a space is visually enticing, elements of color, shape, pattern, line, and texture enter the play.

These complementary foundations of interior design interact to produce a smooth area that fires up the senses without you even understanding it.

Texture in interior decoration refers to the surface area quality of a material. Take a cushion. Whether the cushion material is smooth, woven or embroidered, it’s got a texture. This is a vital part of the interior decoration puzzle since it helps dictate how a room feels initially glimpse.

Just like the color of a space can affect how warm or cool it feels, texture can influence the tone and weight of space.


Mixing patterns in interior design is among the advanced parts of interior decoration.

Patterns do not need to match, but they need to match and collaborate with each other. This is done by considering color, size, and scale.

Patterns add interest and life to interior decoration and work along with colors. Patterns tell a story of their own and add the components of connection and smooth transition in a home. Patterns could be of any shape and mainly consist of appealing and recurring styles. Paisley, a style pattern that takes the shape of a droplet-shaped veggie is one of the most typically utilized patterns on wall paints, pillow covers, and other decorative surfaces.


When 2 elements with opposing qualities are put together, that is called contrast. It is not as simple as fine lines versus solid shapes or green versus red.

Even with the combinations of geometric and natural shapes, contrast is more complex than it sounds.

Space can look really tedious when contrast is not utilized in some way. Even in minimalism, we use it in the form of intense devices or something comparable. Understanding precisely the ideal balance of how to utilize contrasting components is the trick to wonderful interiors.

Contrast is the secret interior weapon designers utilize to make sure that space draws in the eye while still being cohesive. The secret is to know how and where to properly utilize it. The value can not be stressed enough. As a matter of fact, it is a style concept since the striking impact it makes on audiences can be impressive.


Before you struck the buy beautiful brand-new designer art and prints, you would most definitely be wise to take a seat and truly think of how you want your interior spaces to feel and look, so you do not squander cash on purchases that you aren’t going to appreciate in a couple of months’ time.

It’s not simply thinking of the materials, textures, and colors you wish to generate in your home, however – you need to also provide some consideration to the shapes you wish to introduce, as this can make a real distinction to the environment you’re attempting to develop.

If, for instance, you’re keen for your living room to be a warm and welcoming space that everybody wishes to spend time in, you might well find that you want to prevent more angular shapes and choose circles and curves instead, which represent consistency and conclusion. These can assist to produce a sense of positivity and calm in this part of your home, assisting to ensure spaces comfier for one and all.


In interior design principles and rules, form follows function.

If they aren’t precisely the right option at the minute, it’s a part of human nature to be drawn towards beautiful things even. This very same theory weaves seamlessly into interior decoration. You could go through a store and pick up every single stunning accent piece you see, but when you put them completely in a room without a couch or table or any other essential or essential item they end up being clutter that usually serves no purpose at all.

Do not fall under the trap of developing areas full of decorative items. Instead, you want to aim to develop an area that is equally efficient and enticing.

Functional Spaces Are More Valuable.

Even if you put your heart and soul into your interior decoration efforts, chances are you won’t spend the rest of your life in the very same home. When it comes time to move, it’s important that you have some type of bargaining chip to lay on the table and increase your house’s general value on the market.

Creating areas that are constructed with function in mind serve as this value-pusher. Accent pieces can easily be evacuated and brought for any move, but style based upon functionality provides the option of throwing furnishings that’s already well laid-out into the offer. Overall, a home whose space design and design are extremely practical is far more attractive to purchasers. There are few buyers on the market who desire a home filled with little choppy rooms– open spaces with floor plans that flow together is perfect for current house sales.

When you set out your house, be sure to take the future into consideration and provide yourself options that will eliminate tension and also draw in prospective buyers in the years to come.

Point of focus

A focal point is a basic element of interior design. It is just the star destination of a room that will draw in a guest’s eye for the right factors and the rest of the decoration needs to be built around it. Nevertheless, if you have no concept how to pick the perfect focal point for space within the home, you’re at danger of triggering a design blunder, and one that might not be inexpensive to remedy. For tips on how to perfect your interior decoration, think about these following pointers.

  • Look around your room to determine the “most significant” feature. It might be a fireplace, a picture window, or a built-in bookcase. This will typically be your centerpiece.

  • If your space has no distinguishing architectural functions, recognize the biggest furniture pieces. These could become your focal point.

  • A focal point must be something interesting to look at, something colorful, or texturally and visually attractive.

  • You can produce a focal point for space by concentrating on the artwork, flower arrangements, paint color, or shelving.

  • The centerpiece should be the very first thing you see when going into space.
  • Construct your furniture plan around the focal point if possible.
  • You can create a centerpiece wall by painting one wall a different color from the rest and equipping with a wall artwork, plan, or display shelves.

  • Use lighting to enhance your focal point. For example, use an image light, track light, or wall washer component on a painting or wall display.

  • If you’ve determined a mantle or rack as the centerpiece, use plants and devices to embellish them.

  • Use contrasting colors to make the focal point stand out. For example, use a light wall color behind a dark wood armoire.

  • Orient the furnishings inside and outside to take advantage of window locations if an outside view is a focal point.


The most essential element when organizing any room is to comprehend and have the design reflect how the area will be utilized.

For instance, 2 sofas facing each other is pleasantly balanced but if your primary activity when sitting on the stated sofa is viewing the TELEVISION, not perfect.

Consider what you ‘d like to carry out in the space, what requires to be within arm’s reach, and how much space you’ll need.

Don’t forget the traffic routes.
An empty room is the very best type of blank slate for interior design junkies. But once you get furnishings in there and start to organize it, what appeared like a great deal of chance can suddenly feel oppressive.

Map your traffic routes, bear in mind that less is more, and adhere to at least 3 feet of “walking room” between pieces

Negative space

We’re all acquainted with the term “breathing space”– that minute when activity and stimulation stop, and we have a chance to take stock and regain balance.

In interiors, the location around things– the unfavorable area– carries out the very same functions. It rests our eyes and brings favorable components into clear focus, producing a subconscious sense of visual comfort and consistency.

Among the primary advantages of unfavorable areas is its ability to get rid of distractions from an outstanding feature and to enhance its impact. Standing back and viewing space from where it’s most frequently seen can often expose how a void might be used to highlight something you ‘d like to flaunt.

Balance and Symmetry

Have you ever entered a room for the first time, and automatically felt at ease, and comfy in your environment?

If you have, it might well be that space has actually utilized an essential component – BALANCE.

Of course, there will be other elements at play, but getting the balance right within any room is important to how it will make you feel when you are in it.

Preparation out your spaces can be simple if you comprehend the principles of using balance. It is key to making a room appearance aesthetically steady by the simple placement of furniture, accessories, the use of color and other elements such as kind, and size. Without it, you will wind up a room that feels, and looks uncomfortable to be in.

There are basically three various types of balance in interior design principles and rules: Symmetry, radial, and asymmetry.

Harmony and unity

Patterns may reoccur, but the concepts of interior design are forever.

That’s why, despite what your decoration choices may be, we think it’s essential you learn more about these principles. In the past, we’ve waxed poetic about the importance of balance and symmetry and now we’re taking on harmony and unity.

These concepts are crucial in interior design principles and rules, and how to make them operate in your own interiors. Though they might appear basic initially glimpse, we can almost ensure that they play a much bigger function than you think.

Though unity and harmony might sound similar, they each play unique roles in the method we experience interior decoration.


Many individuals believe that rhythm is a secret to a successful design.

It’s the important thing that offers top-end interiors that extra tip of polish, and if you can’t quite locate why your design feels as though it hasn’t truly come together, it’s most likely the root of your problems.

Make an effort to add rhythm into your interiors and we guarantee that you’ll be amazed at simply how much of an effect a few basic modifications can bring.

In conclusion

Unless you’re already working as an interior designer, you’ve most likely never ever stopped to consider how to include these principles into your interiors.

Now is the time to change that. Interior design principles and rules and elements are a subtle visual cue that has a big impact – positively and negatively – on how your design is seen by you and others. Use this post as your guide on how to harness the power of interior design principles to your benefit to give your designs a professional touch.

Do you make an effort to include these elements and principles into your interiors?
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